Vision Care: Eye Exams

eye test exam glaucomaBecause many eye and vision conditions exhibit no obvious symptoms, individuals are often unaware that there is a problem. Early diagnosis and treatment of eye disorders such as cataracts, glaucoma and macular degeneration are important for maintaining good vision and preventing permanent vision loss, making eye exams an important part of routine preventive health care.


Complete eye exams consist of a series of tests designed to evaluate your vision and check for eye diseases. Each test evaluates a different aspect of your eyes.


Everyone needs an eye exam, but how often you need an eye exam depends on your age, risk factors and physical condition. If you have been diagnosed with a vision or eye health condition, you should be receiving annual eye exams. For everyone else, the following general guidelines apply:

    • Children ages 5 and younger should have their vision checked each time they visit their pediatrician
    • School-aged children and adolescents should have their vision checked prior to entering first grade and every two years thereafter
    • Adults should have at least one eye exam between the ages of 20 and 29, two exams between ages 30 and 39, one exam every four years from age 40 to 65 and one exam every one or two years after age 65.

eye glasses prescription health


There are three different kinds of eye specialists who can perform eye exams:

  • Ophthalmologists are medical doctors who provide full-service eye care, which includes eye exams, corrective vision prescriptions, and diagnosis and treatment of complex eye diseases and surgeries.
  • Optometrists are specialists who perform many of the same services as ophthalmologists, including vision evaluation, corrective vision prescription, and diagnosis and treatment of selective eye disorders. For more serious or complex problems, such as those requiring surgery, an optometrist will refer you to an ophthalmologist.
  • Opticians are specialists who fill prescriptions for eye-glasses and, in some cases, contact lenses. Opticians not only sell these products, but will also assemble them and fit them for you.

Reminder Plan Exclusion:  Eyeglasses, contact lenses, or the vision examination for prescribing or fitting eyeglasses or contact lenses are excluded from the TSHBP medical plans.  Please refer to your vision benefits for coverage information.